Organisational behavior and analysis motivation and
Motivation in organisational behaviour pdf
Adams' theory states that employees strive for equity between themselves and other workers. A situation where the employee is not sure of when to receive the next income is most discouraging to the employees. This structure is shaped like a pyramid, with chief executives at the top, and low-level employees at the base. In recent years, many notable companies have been moving to a flatter structure — Google and Zappos. One of the elements to look at in the analysis of employee behaviour is motivation. Provision of information and communication network: Since the world is a global village, it becomes imperative that computer and internet facilities be provided for employees to enhance their communication to the outside world. They are more determined and loyal to the organization they work for. A flat structure enables individuals to work independently and with greater decision-making power.
That is, workers influence their environment and are also influenced by their environment. It implies that employees are reluctant to organizational changes.
Importance of motivation
This theory states that goal setting is essentially linked to task performance. Grievances, etc. According to Slocum and Hellriegel , motivation represents the forces acting on or within a person that cause the person to behave in a specific, goal-directed manner. Integrity of organizational operations is another large factor that influences motivation. This is a tried-and true structure, but often employees can feel undervalued and trapped in roles. One set of factors are those which, if absent, cause dissatisfaction. Sufficient rewards for spectacular performances through bonuses, honours, promotions and commendations: If the employees are reinforced for excellent performance through the stipulated processes they tend to be motivated and perform even more exceptionally. Such individuals are effective performers in a team. The field also includes the analysis of organizational factors that may have an influence upon individual and group behavior.
Provision of enabling working environment: Employees will feel motivated to work if their working environment is conducive.
Some people never progress beyond the first or second level for example, many inhabitants of the third worldothers are so obsessed with the higher needs that lower ones may go largely unnoticed. Next, the organizational culture plays an important role in motivating employees.
What is motivation
The best approach would be to let employees find their own niche within the organization and let them actualize their potential instead of forcing them to do work that is not to their liking. At this level of analysis, organizational behavior draws upon the sociological and socio-psychological sciences. They exercise their physical and mental efforts in an inherent manner in their jobs. This includes the study of how individuals behave alone, as well as how individuals behave in groups. When the employees are motivated, it leads to increase in the quantity and quality of output produced. Thus, it does not encourage innovation. Very difficult and complex goals stimulate riskier behaviour, If the employee lacks skills and competencies to perform actions essential for goal, then the goal-setting can fail and lead to undermining of performance, there is no evidence to prove that goal-setting improves job satisfaction. There must also be the expectation that rewards are available. A flat structure enables individuals to work independently and with greater decision-making power. One can be physically and mentally fit to work, but he may not be willing to work. It states that specific and challenging goals along with appropriate feedback contribute to higher and better task performance. According to McGregor, the perception of managers on the nature of individuals is based on various assumptions. According to Nnaji , extrinsic motivation, sometimes financial, are the tangible motivations given to employees by managers, such as pay raises, bonuses, and benefits. Some Factors that can Motivate Employees The organizational structure is another aspect that can motivate employees. Grievances, etc.
Following these rules of thumb can have great effects on employee morale, further motivating them to trust superiors and coworkers. They have a strong urge for feedback on their achievement. Pay is an important consideration for most workers in accepting a job, and unfair pay can be a strong de-motivator.
As we can conceive from the above definitions, they all refer to or talk about a stimuli that trigger or spur the motivational process.
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