How to write a table of specification in education

How to prepare table of specification

Did you teach them lower thinking skills or did you challenge them by making them think critically? For example, for the 2nd level which is Comprehension, verbs to use for the objectives would be explain or retell if it is in the context of understanding a story. A Table of Specifications helps to ensure that there is a match between what is taught and what is tested. It is possible that you will not be able to cover all these topics as it might create a test that is too long and will not be realistic for your students in the given time. So how do you create a table of specifications? First, it improves the validity of teacher-made tests. Select the topics that you wish to test in the exam. Step 1- Determine the coverage of your exam The first rule in making exams and therefore in making a document called table of specification is to make sure the coverage of your exam is something that you have satisfactorily taught in class. Or perhaps you will be challenging them to analyze and compare and contrast something. A bit trickier is to outline the subject matter into smaller components, but most teachers have already had to design teaching plans, strategies, and schedules based on an outline of content. When actually constructing the table, teachers may only wish to use a simple structure, as with the first example above, or they may be interested in greater detail about the types of items, the cognitive levels for items, the best mix of objectively scored items, open-ended and constructed-response items, and so on, with even more guidance than is provided in the second example. How can the use of a Table of Specifications benefit your students, including those with special needs? Creating a solid terms of specification will increase the likelihood of you creating a test that is valid and reliable.

It will make your test creation process more methodological and organized. Thank you.

characteristics of table of specification

The RSS feed of this post is for non-commercial use only. Will you test simply their recall of knowledge?

How to prepare table of specification pdf

Teachers have already made decisions or the district has decided for them about the broad areas that should be taught, so the choice of what broad domains a test should cover has usually already been made. Teachers cannot measure every topic or objective and cannot ask every question they might wish to ask. If you want to test evaluation or synthesis of a topic, you will want to create exam type questions or perhaps you will ask the students to create diagrams and explain their diagrams in their analysis. Three steps are involved in creating a Table of Specifications: 1 choosing the measurement goals and domain to be covered, 2 breaking the domain into key or fairly independent parts- concepts, terms, procedures, applications, and 3 constructing the table. References: Chase, C. Step 3- Determine the duration for each content area The next step in making the table of specifications is to write down how long you spent teaching a particular topic. Did you teach them lower thinking skills or did you challenge them by making them think critically? Or will you be testing their comprehension of the matter? It is important that your terms of specification reflect your instructional procedures during the semester. This is important because it will determine how many points you should devote for each topic. The number of items for your test should be sufficient for the time allotted for the test. Argee enjoys running and reading in his spare time. First, it improves the validity of teacher-made tests. A bit trickier is to outline the subject matter into smaller components, but most teachers have already had to design teaching plans, strategies, and schedules based on an outline of content. Bloom has identified the hierarchy of learning objectives, from the lower thinking skills of knowledge and comprehension to the higher thinking skills of evaluation and synthesis.

Or perhaps you will be challenging them to analyze and compare and contrast something. So select only the most important topics. New York: Longman. Make sure that you have covered in your terms of specification the important topics that you wish to test.

Table of specification slideshare

This is important because it will determine how many points you should devote for each topic. In some cases a great weight will be assigned to a concept that is extremely important, even if relatively little class time was spent on the topic. Teachers have already made decisions or the district has decided for them about the broad areas that should be taught, so the choice of what broad domains a test should cover has usually already been made. References: Chase, C. Again, this would depend on your instructional objectives in the classroom. Thank you. This is not for blogs or websites that have ads and the like.

A bit trickier is to outline the subject matter into smaller components, but most teachers have already had to design teaching plans, strategies, and schedules based on an outline of content.

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Table of Specifications (TOS) and Test Construction Review