Referrals may be made by the police, parents, schools, social service agencies, probation officers, and victims. News Room. These changes are described following a description of the current juvenile justice system processes. They have a great deal of contact with youthful offenders and at-risk youth, perhaps more than any other officials do in the justice system.
By the s, approximately 25 more facilities were constructed throughout the country. Second, boys and girls appeared in court for different reasons, and the courts disposed of their cases differently. It required states that received federal formula grants to remove noncriminal status offenders and nonoffenders e.
Unlike adult criminal proceedings, juvenile court hearings are often closed to members of the public and records in some states remain confidential, protecting children from stigma and collateral consequences when their records are publicly available. Fifteen-year-old Gerald Gault was sentenced to a state reformatory for an indeterminate period that could last until his 21st birthday for making an obscene phone call.