Air pollution case study china
Beijing case study geography
This study strengthens the available literature [ 28 , 49 , 77 ] for all the relevant governing bodies, institutions, and agencies, and acts as a reference for mitigating the current scenario and preventing or reducing future risks and hazards caused by air pollution and its sources. Florig, H. The example of the US Embassy in Beijing provides a clue to the type of sound participation that is preferred in main cities and urban classes Huang, Liebman Coordination between governmental organizations and provincial governments, and their support to the central government is necessary and recommended for developing emission control policies to ensure that future generations do not face these problems. Polluted air exacerbates stress and depression, and alters behavior [ 14 , 56 , 73 ]. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press. Representing uncertainty in global climate change science and policy: boundary-ordering devices and authority. Although people do not check the air quality index on a regular basis, different reports, commentaries, and coverage about air pollution distributed through the internet, television, newspapers, radio, and magazines are educating people; changing their perception, attitude, and practices towards air pollution; and increasing their awareness of air pollution and its associated adverse health risks. Lin, X. Several studies have elucidated the impacts of air pollution on the respiratory system [ 68 — 70 ]. Kay, S. China is still shown as both a successful and unfinished case with regard to the application of Western policy and technical recipes for PCAP. Avoid driving due to low visibility.
References Alford, W. Be aware that pollution levels may be considerable, even though there is no alert in place. Science Communication 8 4 : Online citizens expressed their distrust and criticisms of the Beijing index.
London: Routledge. The reported results are consistent with those of previous studies, revealing the same adverse health effects from exposure to air pollution [ 348485 ].
Environment International 10— This study strengthens the available literature [ 284977 ] for all the relevant governing bodies, institutions, and agencies, and acts as a reference for mitigating the current scenario and preventing or reducing future risks and hazards caused by air pollution and its sources.
The process implies that scientists provide content to some decisions in policy making, while decision-makers then validate or reject this knowledge to solve specific social problems.
Previous studies  reported that the perception and knowledge of air pollution and its associated health risk were significantly different between different genders and the health status of the recruited individuals.
Effects of air pollution in china
Organized science, usable knowledge, and multilateral environmental governance. Wen, M. Nature Comment — According to the Global Burden of Disease study [ 26 ], of the 15 countries, China ranked first for premature mortalities over 1. The high levels of air pollution in major urban and industrialized areas in China may aggravate bronchial, sinus or asthma conditions. Lidskog, R. Moreover, the links between data and PCAP policies were less efficient than expected. Shackley, S. Urban form is increasingly being identified as an important determinant of air pollution in developed countries. This study provides better insight for breaching the gap between public health KAP and scientific research than previous studies on this issue, as they were confined to certain places, such as a single city or province. Experts have expressed concern about the strategies to control airborne pollutants Wang et al. Song DOI: Funtowicz, S.
The issue spurred a diplomatic protest from China, but soon after the government advanced the adoption of a new standard GBadopting a similar index to the U. There are considerable differences between provinces, such as energy endowments and resources, lifestyles, population densities, and economic development.
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